The Physical and Geographical Structure
The Gaza Strip is the southern gateway to the Land of Israel. The transition between the desert and the inhabited land. It sits at a significant crossroads. The sea route from south to north and the “perfume road” – the road that crosses the desert from Eilat Bay to the port on the seafront.
Therefore, throughout history it has been of significant importance.
Its unique characteristics derive from being composed of the kurkar ridges of the coastal plain. These ridges blocked the migration of sands from the west and the flow of streams from the east and thus enabled the formation of a convenient road for travel.
In addition, an abundant water aquifer was created underground, which made it possible to drill many wells in the Gaza Strip and turn it into a fertile agricultural site.